Having a healthy lifestyle is extremely important. As well as decreasing your risk of getting cancer, heart disease, diabetes, stroke, high blood pressure and many other conditions, a healthy lifestyle can help you deal with the psychological stress of dealing with cancer – or any illness.
Whether you’re concerned about developing prostate cancer in the future, have recently been diagnosed with prostate cancer or if you’re in the more advanced stages of prostate cancer, a healthy lifestyle can be beneficial.
How do i stay healthy?
Firstly, you need to avoid being overweight. Calculate your body mass index (BMI) to find out if you’re overweight or obese. If your BMI is 25 or above, you’re overweight. If your BMI is 30 or above, you’re obese, and should take active steps to reduce your weight.
Following a healthy eating plan, watching portion sizes, being physically active, and reducing sedentary time are all effective ways to lose weight. It’s recommended you should exercise for at least 30 minutes, five or more days and week.
A diet that’s high in fresh fruits and vegetables and low in fat and red meat can reduce your chance of developing many diseases and can help you to lose weight. It’s also important to drink lots of water and ensure your alcohol intake does not exceed 2 standard size drinks a day.
Cutting out cigarettes and cigar smoking is also an extremely important part of maintaining a healthy lifestyle. If you’re a smoker, your doctor or pharmacist can advise you on ways to help you quit smoking.
Not only can healthy living reduce your chance of getting prostate cancer but being strong and fit can also help you as you deal with your illness.
Keeping up your strength before, during and after cancer treatment is vital. There may be times during your treatment when you don’t feel like eating – you may feel sick or tired. If this happens, you may be referred to a dietician, who’ll be able to advise on how to best meet your nutritional needs during this time.
Being fit, strong, active and having a healthy lifestyle can also help you manage some of the side-effects of treatment, such as such as hot flushes, bone weakening and depression.
It’s important to know there’s a chance you may experience problems passing urine after you’ve had treatment for prostate cancer. These might include:
Problems can include:
- Leaking urine, during the day or night. This could be a few drops or a lot more. It can also occur when you sneeze, cough or exercise
- Passing urine more often than usual
- Getting up to pass urine more often during the night
- The urge to urinate may be more urgent and sometimes leaking urine before you get to the bathroom
- Difficulty emptying your bladder or having a slower or weaker flow of urine.
Talk to your doctor to find the best way to deal with your incontinence problems. Rehabilitation is one option and involves therapy/exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles and the muscles that help to carry urine from the bladder to the outside. Medication may also be an option in certain circumstances.
Questions to ask your Doctor
- Is putting off treatment a safe option?
- Will I live longer if I choose treatment rather than active surveillance?
- What happens if I change my mind?
- How often will I need to have tests? What tests will I need to have?
- How will we know when the cancer gets worse or starts spreading?
- Are there certain symptoms I need to look out for between doctor visits?
A raised PSA level doesn’t necessarily mean you have prostate cancer.
Only about 1 in 4 men who have a raised PSA level turn out to have prostate cancer. Your doctor will need to interpret your PSA result based on your recent activity, age and previous medical history. They can then decide on whether to carry out further tests.